Very rare and valuable map. Originally produced 1854, subsequently corrected at the admiralty June 1865. Our version is the one from Jan 1888 (probably third edition) Previous owner stamp: Vapor Jose Gallart Barcelone. Engraved chart, including tidal information, compass roses, soundings, seabed notations, currents, sandbanks, shoals, lighthouses and beacons, inland elevations, detailing and buildings, inset charts of Bandarjissa, Sur Anchorage, Bandar Khairan, Madraka Anchorage, Khor Jarama and Dar Sait Anchorage
The survey was carried out by Commander Sanders, Grieve and Haines who were in the employ of the Indian Navy. In 1840 the British had taken control of the port of Aden; a strategically important port along the trade route from England to India. From their base at Aden the British began to steadily grapple with the problem of piracy that had been plaguing much of British shipping. In order to achieve this they required the most up-to-date hydro-graphic information, hence the significant increase in the charting of the region by the likes of Haines, Sanders, Grieve, Carless, and Moresby. In fact by the middle of the nineteenth century the whole of the Arabian Peninsula had been surveyed.
The Indian Navy was the naval arm of the East India Company. It had been established by the Company as early as 1612 when it protected the their nascent commercial interests. In 1686 with most of the English commerce moving to Bombay the navy was renamed 'The Bombay Marine'. A name that it would keep for the next 144 years, until in 1830, it was renamed the 'Her Majesty's Indian Navy'. This title would, however, not be so long lived and in 1858, when the EIC was released of its administration of India the navy was brought under the control of the British State