Fort Jalali

Fort Al Jalali in Muscat

Muscat fort Jalali

Photo of Fort al Jalali taken in 1900 or earlier by an unknown photographer.

The fort was built by the Portuguese in 1587.



Antique photo fort Jalali Muscat

 Antique photo of fort Jalali Muscat Oman

Fort al Jalali history

Al Jalali Fort is a fortified enclosure covering the entire mountain top with walls surrounding garrison buildings, a single watch tower, and a large gun platform overlooking the bay. The fort had a single staircase of 80 steps cut into the rock. Fort al-Jalali was built by the Portuguese around 1587 to protect the harbor after Muscat had twice been sacked by Ottoman forces. It fell to Omani forces in 1650. During the civil wars between 1718 and 1747, the fort was twice captured by Persians who had been invited to assist one of the rival Imams. The fort was extensively rebuilt later. At times, al Jalali served as a refuge or a jail for a member of the royal family. For much of the 20th century it was used as Oman's main prison, but this function ended in the 1970´s. Fort al-Jalali was restored in 1983 and converted into a museum that is accessible only to dignitaries visiting the country.

  1. Muscat gate museum memoirs of History, Allegro communications, Muscat 2001 page 40 bottom left (similar view)
  2. Historical Muscat An illustrated Guide and Gazetteer by J.E. Peterson published by Brill Leiden 2007 aerial  photo 139 shows the situation 1998