March 1888 Sultan Barghash of Zanzibar died and was succeeded by his brother Khalifa. 28 April 1888 Khalifa signed a contract in which the German East Afrika Company (DOAG) rented part of the coastal area for an annual fee, the contract became effective in August. The German von Zelewski deeply offended the local Swahili / Omani population by walking with his dog into a mosque in Pangani. The DOAG flag could only be hosted next to that of the Sultan with military force by the Germans. Subsequently also revolts broke out in Tanga, Bagamoyo and Kilwa. By end December the DOAG officials had to flee to the ships except for Bagamoyo and Dar Es Salaam. It now became clear to the German Government that the DOAG was unable to protect its territory and that the German marine needed to intervene.
Local houses in Pangani (ref 2 Photo by J. Sturtz)
According to Ref 1 the photo shows houses in Zanzibar town quarters of Ngambo!
Ref 1 describes this photo as the "The defenders of Bagamojo" The man on the horse is Freuherr von Gravenreuth . We see fast-firing canons and in the background are the Askari soldiers. Many of the Arabs in Bagamoyo fled and joined the enemy even the local Wali (Lamki) left ( Wangemann did not mention that the Wali (Lamki) was forced to leave his home by the Germans and initially refused to leave)
The manuscript text by Voelker below our copy of the photo (ref 2 J. Sturtz) says :
"Expedition von Dr. Peters vor dem abmarsch 1890" this may be incorrect?
Main street in Bagamoyo (ref 2 photo J. Sturtz)
Bagamoyo (ref 1 photo J. Sturtz) According to Wangemann this is the central part of town. Similar to the drawing in Ref 3 page 139
Voelker writes: Dar es Salaam (Ref 2 photo J. Sturtz ), but location wrong.
Ref 1: Dar es Salaam Boma photo J. Sturtz
Ref 2: Zanzibar Cocotoni (photo J. Sturtz)
Dar es Salaam Panorama right side (Ref 2)
On the left of the white building are the ruins of the old city and further to the left the ruins of the Sultan's palace (see below)
Ruins Dar es Salaam Panorama left side
According to Ref 1 it is a German hospital in Dar Es Salaam.
According to Ref 2 (Voelker) it is a building in Bagamoyo, but probably wrong.
Ancient Arab Graveyard on the coast of East Africa (ref 2)
Dhows on the beach at Tanga (Ref 2)
Evangelical Mission in Tanga / Dar Es Salaam that was to be burned down by the Arabs (Ref 2)
Local people of Tanga